Q1. CIBER-2 mission, recently seen in news is related to:
A. Study atmospheric chemistry of Planet Venus
B. Study the Martian environment and look for evidences of past and current lifeforms.
C. Studying the supernova remnants
D. Count the number of stars that exist in the Universe
Answer Option: D
1. CIBER-2: The aim of this mission is to count the number of stars that exist in the Universe. o While this is not the first time that such a mission has been undertaken, the CIBER-2 instrument has been improved upon to see if any stars had been undercounted in the previous counting attempts.
Q2. Which of the following services generally use encryption to secure data transmission:
1) Payment gateways
2) Messaging services
3) Wireless microphones and Bluetooth devices
Answer Option: All
1. Encryption is the process of encoding messages or information in such a way that only authorized parties can read it. o For example: word "ABC" can become "BCD" in encrypted form, if every letter is replaced by next alphabet. o Those who know how it is encoded can only able to read "ABC" correctly All messaging services like WhatsApp, Viber, Google Chat, Yahoo messenger use encrypted services. Banks (payment gateways) and e-commerce sites also use encryption to protect financial and private data including passwords. o Encryption is also used to protect data in transit, for example data being transferred via networks (e.g. the Internet, e-commerce), mobile telephones, wireless microphones, wireless intercom systems, Bluetooth devices and bank automatic teller machines.
Q3. Ministry of Science and Technology recently released new guidelines for the Geo-spatial sector in India. Consider the following statements regarding Geospatial data
1) Geospatial data is the data about objects or events that have a location on the surface of the earth.
2) The location may be static like the location of a road or dynamic like a moving vehicle or pedestrian.
Answer Option: A
1. The Ministry of Science and Technology released new guidelines for the Geo-spatial sector in India, which deregulates existing protocol and liberalises the sector to a more competitive field. o Geospatial data is data about objects, events, or phenomena that have a location on the surface of the earth. o The location may be static in the short-term, like the location of a road, an earthquake event, malnutrition among children, or dynamic like a moving vehicle or pedestrian, the spread of an infectious disease. o Geospatial data combines location information, attribute information (the characteristics of the object, event, or phenomena concerned), and often also temporal information or the time at which the location and attributes exist. o Geospatial data usually involves information of public interest such as roads, localities, rail lines, water bodies, and public amenities. The past decade has seen an increase in the use of geo-spatial data in daily life with various apps such as food delivery apps like Swiggy or Zomato, e-commerce like Amazon or even weather apps.
Q4. The International Energy Agency’s mandate focus on
1) Energy security
2) Economic development
3) Environmental protection
Answer Option: (1, 2, 3)
1. The term megadiverse country refers to any one of a group of nations that harbor the majority of Earth's species and high numbers of endemic species. o Conservation International identified 17 megadiverse countries in 1998. o Many of them are located in, or partially in, tropical or subtropical regions. o They are: Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, South Africa, United States, Venezuela
Q5. Which of the following is/are examples of natural nanomaterials, i.e. those which occur naturally in the world
1) Haemoglobin in our blood
2) Particles in volcanic ash
3) Nano-structures that give colour to peacock’s feathers
4) Exhaust from fossil fuel burning engines
Answer Option: (1, 2, 3)
1. Natural nanomaterials, as the name suggests, are those that occur naturally in the world. o These include particles that make up volcanic ash, smoke, and even some molecules in our bodies, such as the hemoglobin in our blood. o The brilliant colors of a peacock’s feathers are the result of spacing between nanometer-scale structures on their surface. o Man-made nanomaterials are those that occur from objects or processes created by people. o Examples include exhaust from fossil fuel burning engines and some forms of pollute
Q6. Reciprocal trade agreements (RTAs) include:
1) Preferential arrangements
2) Free trade agreements
3) Customs unions
4) Common markets
Answer Option: D(1, 2, 3, 4)
1. Countries use bilateral/regional trade agreements to increase market access and expand trade in foreign markets. o These agreements are called reciprocal trade agreements (RTAs) because members grant special advantages to each other. o RTAs include many types of agreements, such as preferential arrangements, free trade agreements, customs unions, and common markets, in which members agree to open their markets to each other’s exports by lowering trade barriers
Q7. For which of the following Committees, the Chairman is invariably from the Ruling Party
A. Estimates Committee
B. Public Accounts Committee
C. Committee on Public Undertakings
D. Committee on Delegated Legislation
Answer Option: A
1. Estimates Committee consists of 30 members of Lok Sabha. o Its chairman is invariably from the ruling party. o The Committee acts as a deterrent on extravagance of the government on public expenditure and makes detailed examination of annual budget estimates.
Q8. The Lieutenant Governor of a Union Territory is empowered to promulgate ordinances only
1) When the assembly is dissolved
2) With the prior permission of the President
Answer Option B
1. UNICEF’s Generation AI initiative is currently working with the World Economic Forum’s Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution and other stakeholders to realiae the potential of AI for children in a safe and transparent way.
Q9. Recently which of the following committee was constituted by RBI to address the issues related to the transfer of surplus funds from RBI to government:
A. Urjit Patel Committee
B. Y. Venugopal Reddy Committee
C. Bimal Jalan Committee
D. L K Jha Committee
Answer Option: C
1. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) constituted an expert committee headed by former governor Bimal Jalan to review its economic capital framework, and whether the central bank needs to hold as much reserves as it currently does. o The expert committee would examine if the central bank’s reserves were adequate, going by the global standards, and if in excess, how much money could be transferred to the government.
Q10. GAFA tax recently seen in news is related to
A. Tax on new start-ups with annual turn-over of more than 1 crore
B. Tax on Renewable energy products
C. Tax on large technology and internet companies
D. None of the above
Answer Option: C
1. French finance minister Bruno Le Maire announced the introduction of a GAFA tax—named after Google, Apple, Facebook, Amazon—on large technology and internet companies in France from 1 January 2019. o The French proposal is set to target only those profitable companies that have heavy annual global revenue. o The rationale behind devising a separate framework to tax online service providers is this: existing tax norms that are framed envisaging brick and mortar business models are not suitable to regulate online services. o This is because the digital economy is characterized by a unique system of value creation resulting from a combination of factors such as sales functions, algorithms and personal information of users. o What distinguishes technology companies from traditional businesses is user participation in creating value, which, in turn, translates into revenue. Although using consumer data to improve businesses is not exclusive to the digital economy, the unique ability of digital businesses lies in their power to analyse big data collected via constant user interaction and data mining