1. Which of the following are the members of BASIC countries
3) South Africa
Answer Option: (1, 3, 5)
1. The BASIC countries (also Basic countries or BASIC) are a bloc of four large newly industrialized countries – Brazil, South Africa, India and China – formed by an agreement on 28 November 2009. o BASIC countries broadly have common position on reducing greenhouse gas emissions and raising the massive funds that are needed to fight climate change.
2. Consider the following statements:
1) Flue-gas desulfurization technology is used to reduce air pollution from coal power plants.
2) The largest source of SO2 in the atmosphere is through vehicular pollution.
Answer Option: A
1. According to an analysis of a National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) data released by environmental NGO Greenpeace, India has more than 15% of all anthropogenic sulphur dioxide (SO2) hotspots in the world detected by the OMI (Ozone Monitoring Instrument) satellite. o The major SO2 emission hotspots in India are Singrauli in Madhya Pradesh, Neyveli and Chennai in Tamil Nadu, Talcher and Jharsuguda in Odisha, Korba in Chhattisgarh, Kutch in Gujarat, Ramagundam in Telangana and Chandrapur and Koradi in Maharashtra. o The vast majority of plants in India lack flue-gas desulfurization technology to reduce their air pollution, according to the analysis. o As per country-wise world rankings, India was found at the top position in emitting SO2 as it has the maximum hotspots. o The report said SO2 emissions are a significant contributor to air pollution. The largest source of SO2 in the atmosphere is the burning of fossil fuels in power plants and other industrial facilities.
3. Consider the following statements about the recently launched India Cooling Action Plan
1) India is the second country after china to develop such a document
2) The plan aims at reducing emissions and providing thermal comfort to citizens.
3) Recognizes “cooling and related areas” as a thrust area of research under the national S & T Programme.
Answer Option: (2, 3)
1. India is the first country in world to develop such a document (ICAP), which addresses cooling requirement across sectors and lists out actions which can help reduce the cooling demand. o The overarching goal is to provide sustainable cooling and thermal comfort for all while securing environmental and socio-economic benefits for the society. o The India Cooling Action seeks to recognize “cooling and related areas” as a thrust area of research under national S&T Programme.
4. “Web- Wonder Women” Campaign recently seen in news is related to
a. Recognising the achievements made by women led start-ups
b. Acknowledge the efforts of women doctors serving in rural areas
c. Making women as brand ambassadors for schemes related to women
d. Celebrating women who have impacted society through social media.
Answer Option: D
1. The Campaign has been launched by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India in association with the NGO Breakthrough and Twitter India. o Through the campaign, the Ministry aims to recognize the fortitude of Indian women stalwarts from across the globe who have used the power of social media to run positive & niche campaigns to steer a change in society. o The Campaign is aimed at encouraging, recognizing and acknowledging the efforts of these meritorious Women.
5. Consider the following statements regarding Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PMKISAN):
1) PM KISAN is a Central Sector scheme with 100% funding from Government of India
2) Under this programme, vulnerable landholding farmer families, having cultivable land upto 2 acres, will be provided direct income support at the rate of Rs. 6,000 per year.
3) Definition of family for the scheme is husband, wife and minor children.
4) All Institutional Land holders are eligible beneficiaries.
Answer Option: (1, 3)
1. PM KISAN is a Central Sector scheme with 100% funding from Government of India o It has become operational from 1.12.2018. o Under the scheme an income support of Rs.6000/- per year in three equal instalments will be provided to small and marginal farmer families having combined land holding/ownership of upto 2 hectares o Definition of family for the scheme is husband, wife and minor children. o State Goverment and UT Administration will identify the farmer families which are eligible for support as per scheme guidelines. o The fund will be directly transferred to the bank accounts of the beneficiaries. o All Institutional Land holders shall not be eligible for benefit under the scheme
6. Consider the following statements regarding Institutions of Eminence scheme:
1) The institutes of eminence scheme under the Union Education Ministry aims to project Indian institutes to global recognition.
2) The selected institutes will enjoy complete academic and administrative autonomy.
3) The selection shall be made through challenge method mode by the Empowered Expert Committee constituted for the purpose.
4) All higher education institutions can apply for the eminence tag.
Answer Option: D(1, 2, 3)
1. The institutes of eminence scheme under the Union Education Ministry aims to project Indian institutes to global recognition. The selected institutes will enjoy complete academic and administrative autonomy. o The government will run 10 of these and they will receive special funding. o The selection shall be made through challenge method mode by the Empowered Expert Committee constituted for the purpose. o Eligibility: Only higher education institutions currently placed in the top 500 of global rankings or top 50 of the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) are eligible to apply for the eminence tag. o The private Institutions of Eminence can also come up as greenfield ventures-provided the sponsoring organisation submits a convincing perspective plan for 15 years.
7. “Colistin”, recently seen in news is a:
b. Dragon tree species
Answer Option: C
1. Manufacture, sale and distribution of colistin and its formulations for food-producing animals, poultry, aqua farming and animal feed supplements have been prohibited in an order issued by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. o Colistin is a valuable, last-resort antibiotic that saves human lives in critical care units. o Indiscriminate use of colistin has led to rise of anti-microbial resistance in the country
8. Consider the following statements regarding Microdot technology:
1) Microdot technology involves spraying the body and parts of the vehicle or any other machine with microscopic dots, which give a unique identification.
2) These microdots can be read physically with a microscope and identified with ultra violet light source.
3) The microdots cannot be removed without damaging the vehicle itself.
Answer Option All
1. The Ministry of Road Transport & Highways has issued a draft notification amending Central Motor Vehicle Rules, allowing motor vehicles and their parts, components, assemblies, subassemblies to be affixed with permanent and nearly invisible microdots. o Microdot technology involves spraying the body and parts of the vehicle or any other machine with microscopic dots, which give a unique identification. o These microdot can be read physically with a microscope and identified with ultra violet light source. o The microdots and adhesive will become permanent fixtures/affixation which cannot be removed without damaging the asset, that is the vehicle itself. o Benefits: Use of this technology will help check theft of vehicles and also use of fake spare parts
9. Consider the following statements about Trans-fats:
1) Trans-fat is a type of unsaturated fat.
2) Trans fats also occur naturally.
3) Trans fats give food a desirable taste and texture.
Answer Option: All
1. Trans fat, also called trans-unsaturated fatty acids or trans fatty acids, is a type of unsaturated fat that occurs in small amounts in nature, but became widely produced industrially from vegetable fats starting in the 1950s for use in margarine, snack food, packaged baked goods, and for frying fast food. o Naturally-occurring trans fats are produced in the gut of some animals and foods made from these animals (e.g., milk and meat products) may contain small quantities of these fats. o Artificial trans fats (or trans fatty acids) are created in an industrial process that adds hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to make them more solid. o Trans fats are easy to use, inexpensive to produce and last a long time. o Trans fats give foods a desirable taste and texture
10.Researchers from Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IITM) developed “Shakti” is related to:
a. Climate vulnerability maps developed for Himalayan states
b. Utilising black carbon soot for treating industrial waste
d. Magnetic Graphene
Answer Option: C
1. India’s first and indigenous microprocessor “Shakti” developed by Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IITM).